Emission factors

Energy activities data and emission factors information are the keys in compiling any emission inventories. CEADs publishes all available information on emission factors. CEADs also provide comparison for emission factors between CEADs and other available international sources.


Download Emission Factors for China’s energy consumption by different fuel types (waiting for updates).


If you use emission factor data, please cite the following research papers:

Shan, Y., J. Liu, Z. Liu, X. Xu, S. Shao, P. Wang and D. Guan* (2016) “New provincial CO2 emission inventories in China based on apparent energy consumption data and updated emission factors.” Applied Energy In press (doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.03.073)

Liu Z., D. Guan*, W. Wei, S. J. Davis, P. Ciais, J. Bai, S. Peng, Q. Zhang, K. Hubacek, G. Marland, R. J. Andres, D. Crawford-Brown, J. Lin, H. Zhao, C. Hong, T. A. Boden, K. Feng, G. P. Peters, F. Xi, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Zhao, N. Zeng and K. He (2015) “Reduced carbon emission estimates from fossil fuel combustion and cement production in China” Nature, Volume 524, Page 335-338 (doi: 10.1038/nature14677)